Golden Temple

Golden TempleThe Golden Temple is culturally the most significant shrine of Sikhism. It should be noted anywhere in the world where the holy Guru Granth Sahib is present is equally holy. All Sikh temples are equally holy. The official name of the Temple is: Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib It is located in Amritsar.

The Golden temple is considered holy by Sikhs because the 11th Guru of Sikhism, the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, is present inside it. The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is the holiest thing in the Sikh religion, the tenth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh on 7th October 1708 made it the eleventh Sikh Guru and the leader of Sikhism. Anywhere in the world where the Guru Granth Sahib is present is equally holy and precious to Sikhs. Amritsar is holy to Sikhs, but anywhere the Guru Granth Sahib is present is equally holyThe Sri Guru Granth Sahib is present in every Sikh temple in the world. All Sikh temples are equally holy. Moreover, Sikhism does not have priests, they were abolished by Guru Gobind Singh (the 10th Guru of Sikhism) as he felt they had become full of ego and corrupt. The only position he left was a Granthi to look after the Guru Granth Sahib. Any Sikh is free to become Granthi or read from the Guru Granth Sahib.

The temple was completed in 1604. Guru Arjan Dev, installed the Guru Granth Sahib in it and appointed Baba Buddha Ji as the first Granthi of it on August 1604 AD. Its architecture represents a unique harmony between the Muslims and the Hindus way of construction work and this is considered the best architectural specimens of the world. It is often quoted that this architecture has created an independent Sikh school of architecture in the history of art in India.
One of the most important festivals is Baisakhi, which is celebrated in the second week of April (13th usually). Sikhs celebrate the founding of the Khalsa on this day and it is celebrated with fervour in the Harmandir Sahib. Other important Sikh religious days such as the martyrdom day of Guru Teg Bahadur, birthday of Guru Nanak etc, are also celebrated with religious piety. Similarly Diwali is one of the festivals which sees the Harmandir Sahib beautifully illuminated with Divas/Diyas (lamps),lights and fireworks are discharged. During these special occasions 1-2 million pilgrims visit the Holy shrine named golden temple.

Golden Temple

Most Sikh people visit Amritsar and the Harmandir Sahib at least once during lifetime, particularly during special occasions in their life such as birthdays,marriages or birth of their children etc.

Places to see in The Golden Temple
Golden Temple
The Golden Temple at night
Akal Takht and the entrance towards the Harmandir Sahib
Pilgrims bathing in the Amrit Sarovar
It's a stunning complex, and always full of thousands of pilgrims from all over India, excited to be at a place that they usually only see on television.Darshani Deori. This is the main entrance, sporting a distinctly Victorian clock-tower.
Amrit Sarovar. The giant pool of water that surrounds and reflects the Golden Temple.
Harmandir Sahib. This is the Golden Temple itself, floating above the Amrit Sarovar, housing the sacred Adi Granth scripture which is recited out loud during the day.
Akal Takht, directly opposite the Harmandir Sahib. Meaning "the Timeless, this is where the highest council of Sikhs sits and deliberates. At night, the Guru Granth Sahib is taken to the Akal Takht.
Central Sikh Museum, 2nd floor (entrance on the right side of the main side of the main entrance). Devoted to large gallery of paintings

Golden Temple


How to reach The Golden Temple
By Air-
Raja Sansi International Airport is about 11 km and a 15-20 minutes drive from the city center.
By Rail-
Amritsar is well-connected to major cities in India through daily trains. The Shatabdi Express is the fastest and most comfortable way to arrive from Delhi.
By Road-
Amritsar is well-connected by bus to most major cities and the northern areas within a days drive. Long-distance taxis are available from most places. It takes around 6-7 hours from New Delhi via NH-1.

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