Concept Of God

Concept of God Hinduism is a diverse system of thought with beliefs spanning monotheism, polytheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, and atheism. It is sometimes referred to as involving devotion to a single god while accepting the existence of others.
Most Hindus believe that the spirit or soul — the true "self" of every person, called the atman — is eternal. This Atman is ultimately indistinct from Brahman, the supreme spirit. The goal of life, according to the Advaita school, is to realize that one's atman is identical to Brahman, the supreme soul. The Upanishads state that whoever becomes fully aware of the atman as the innermost core of one's own self realizes an identity with Brahman and thereby reaches moksha (liberation or freedom).
Brahman is considered as a Supreme Being who possesses personality, and they worship him or her thus, as Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, or Shakti, depending on the sect. The atman is dependent on God, while moksha depends on love towards God and on God's grace. When God is viewed as the supreme personal being (rather than as the infinite principle), God is called Ishvara ("The Lord"), Bhagavan ("The Auspicious One") or Parameshwara ("The Supreme Lord").

Devas and avatars
The Hindu scriptures refer to celestial entities called Devas, "the shining ones", which are translated into English as "gods" or "heavenly beings". The devas are an integral part of Hindu culture and are depicted in art, architecture and through icons. The mythological stories about them are related in the scriptures, particularly in Indian epic poetry and the Puranas. They are distinguished from Ishvara, a supreme personal god. The choice is a matter of individual preference and regional and family traditions.
Hindu epics and the Puranas relate several episodes of the descent of God to Earth in corporeal form to restore dharma in society and guide humans to moksha. Such an incarnation is called an avatar. The most prominent avatars are of Vishnu and include Rama (protagonist in Ramayana) and Krishna (a central figure in the epic Mahabharata).

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