Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Guru Gobind Singh JiGuru gobind Singh Ji was the tenth guru of sikhs. He was born in 1666 at Patna (Capial of Bihar, India). In 1675 Pundits from kashmir(India) came to Anandpur Sahib pleading to Guru Teg Bhadur Ji(Father of Guru Gobind Singh Ji) about the enforcements of Aurungzeb to convert them all to Muslims. Guru Teg Bahadur ji told them that martyrdom of a great man is needed. To this, child Guru Gobind Singh ji said "Who will be greatest than you" , to his father. Guru Teg Bahadur Ji told pundits to tell Aurangzeb's men that if Guru Teg Bahadur Ji will become Muslim, they all will. Guru Teg Bahadur Ji was then Martyred in Delhi, but before that he assinged Guru Gobind Singh Ji as 10th Guru at age of 9.

After becoming Guru he commanded Sikhs to be armed. He faught many battles with Aurangzeb and some other Kings of that time, but always winner. In 1699 he created The Khalsa Panth by giving amrit (nectar) to sikhs. In 1704 he faught the great battle with collective forces of Aurangzeb, Wazir Khan(Chief of Sarhind), and other kings. He Left Anandpur and went to Chamkaur with only 40 sikhs. There he faught most furious and most unbalanced war in whole history of mankind against 10 Lakhs with 40 sikhs. His two elder sons, aged 17 and 15, were martyred there. Guru Ji sent Aurangzeb the Notification of Victory. Then he went to Nanded (Maharashtra).
Guru Gobind Singh was stabbed by Jamshed Khan, a hired assassin. On the evening of the day when Baba Gurbakhash Singh left for Punjab, Guru Gobind Singh was visited by two Muslim soldiers. One of them was commissioned by Wazir Khan, Subedar of Sirhind, to assassinate Guru Gobind Singh.
One of the assailants, Bashal Beg, kept a vigil outside the Guru's tent while Jamshed Khan, the hired assassin, stabbed the Guru twice. He was killed in one stroke by the Guru himself, while those outside, alerted by the tumult, killed the other. Although The wound was sewn up the following day, the Guru died in Nanded, Maharashtra in India in 1708.
Shortly before passing away Guru Gobind Singh Ji ordered that the Guru Granth Sahib (the Sikh Holy Scripture), would be the ultimate spiritual authority for the Sikhs and temporal authority would be vested in the Khalsa Panth – The Sikh Nation. The first Sikh Holy Scripture was compiled and edited by the Fifth Guru, Guru Arjan in AD 1604, although some of the earlier gurus are also known to have documented their revelations. This is one of the few scriptures in the world that has been compiled by the founders of a faith during their own life time. The Guru Granth Sahib is particularly unique among sacred texts in that it is written in Gurmukhi script but contains many languages including Punjabi, Hindi-Urdu, Sanskrit, Bhojpuri and Persian. Sikhs consider the Guru Granth Sahib the last, perpetual living guru.

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