Chhath Puja is a Hindu’s famous festival celebrated in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, along with different North Indian states. The festival will be celebrated after completion of Diwali festival that generally comes between October to November. The Chhath Puja mainly celebrated for the Sun God to support life on the earth and ensuring happiness and prosperity in the life. The history of Chhath Puja festival dates back to an ancient Vedic times like the hymns associated with worshipping of Sun God presented in the Vedic period. People also trust that, the Chhath Puja rituals were started through Draupadi of Mahabharata epic.
There is an another story about the Chhath festival, which is also relates from the epic Mahabharata. This is believed that the great warrior, Karna and the Son of Surya began the Chhath Puja rituals. According to the Hindu Calendar, the Chhath Puja celebrates on the 6th day of the Kartik month. This festival is also called as Surya Shasthi. This becomes a bathing festival that followed by the 4th day of ritual purity and abstinence.
There are many Sun temples are located in Bihar. These temples are surrounded through a surajkund, which is the worship place for the devotees. The Chhath Puja festival celebrated by women, however, many men also will enjoy the festival during that time.
The Chhath Puja festival contains a 4 day long spiritual and strict observance. The 1st day, people will dip in the river Ganges. They also take some water to their home for doing special rituals and offerings. The houses are cleaned perfectly on this day. The 2nd day also called as Kharna that involves fasting, which can be performed by the devotees and the fast will be broken in the evening after worshipping the Mother Earth. They will offer fruits, rice pudding to the God, which will be distributed to friends and family members. The 3rd day, people prepare the offerings (Prasad) to provide to families in the evening, which is also called as Sanjhiya Arghya. There are more people gathers near the river Ganga and prepare the offerings to the Sun God. They play folk songs in the evening, which is the history and the culture of Bihar.
But nowadays, people use to play the famous Bollywood songs during this occasion. On the 3rd day night, there is a colorful event can be celebrated, which is called as Kosi. At that time, a canopy will be made from the sugarcane sticks as well as lighted the earthen lamps are placed inside the canopy with Prasad in the baskets. On the 4th day, the people go to the river Ganga before the sun rises, and make the offerings to the Sun God. After finishing this ritual, the devotees break their fasting and distribute their Prasad to relatives and neighbors.
Therefore, this is a great and popular festival in Bihar, every person enjoy celebrating this festival with full worship of God and satisfactions. The people believe the Sun God and making this festival every year happily.