Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated every year.by the Jain community which is the birth anniversary of the 24th and the last tirthankara, Vardhman Mahavir who is the founder of Jainism. In the month of March the birth anniversary of the 24th and the last tirthankara of the Jains, Vardhman Mahavir, the founder of Jainism is celebrated. Mahavir, born as a prince in 599 BC had renounced his worldly life at his 30 years and also undertook the austere penance until he achieved realization. Mahavir who is also called as Vardhamana is considered as the last one in the galaxy of twenty four Teerthankaras.
Lord Mahavir is known as one of the greatest prophets of peace and social reformation that has ever been produced by Bharat. His father is Siddhartha, king of Kaundinyapura on the outskirts of Vaishali near Patna in Bihar and his mother Priyakarani popularly known as Trushala Devi, who was deeply permeated with the philosophy of Jainism preached by the 23rd Teerthankara called as Parwanatha.Mahavir gave up his worldly life at his 30 years and undertook the austere penance until he achieved realization. Even the early episodes of Mahavir as a boy show that he was absolutely fearless due to which he got the name Mahavir.
Excellency of Lord Mahavir
Mahavir grew up as a prince who also excelled in intellectual acumen and physical prowess. He gave up all his pleasures and luxuries of the place and also the power and prestige of kingship and experiences a life of complete penance for nearly more than twelve years. He quietly bore the torments from the ignorant and mischievous among his own countrymen along with the rigors of the nature. Finally he became self-illumined. Without being satisfied with his own personal salvation he chose to become a great human redeemer.
Preaching of Lord Mahavir
Lord Mahavir has many followers by spreading the message of salvation to the world. He preached non-violence, no indulging in any kind of killing and also taught his followers to seek salvation through penance and abstinence. He also advised people to donate clothes, money and grain to the poor people who do not have it. The Jains are mainly divided into two sects namely Digambaras and Shvetambaras and latter divided as Deravasis and Sthanakvasis. The householders have been initiated with five-fold paths by Mahavir namely Ahimsa (not injuring others both physically and mentally), Asteya not stealing), Brahmacharya (temperance in sexual pleasures) and Aparigraha (non-acquisition of property).
Mahavir’s injunctions for the nuns and monks were completely exacting. Renouncing every kind of material possession and physical comfort and his complete dedication to the ethical and spiritual discipline were enforced. Nearly 2600 years after his death, even now the pure and upright tradition of the monks is being maintained. Many Sanyasins with white clad and nude monks also move from place to place on foot throughout the country carrying Mahavira’s gospel of peace among the people. He left the mortal coils at his 71 years on the festival day of Deepavali. The lamp which he lit continues to glow through the myriad lights of the festival of Deepavali.