The swastika an extremely powerful symbol known worldwide. It resembles an equilateral cross with its arms bent at right angles. Swastika has been linked with the celestial order and stability and originates from the Sanskrit language. It is honored by various cultures and religions as a symbol of universal welfare.

Considering the Indian perspective, Swastika has been associated with positivism and as a emblem of the sun, life, authority, power, and destiny. It is not only considered auspicious but also is known as an omen of harmony and serenity. Except Islam, mostly all other religions adorn their place of worship with this auspicious symbol. It is rather considered a way of paying tribute to the Sun God. It is considered a solar symbol because it is drawn with its arms pointing in a clockwise direction. Indians associate the Swastika with Lord Ganesha given that it symbolizes his palm.


The early signs of Swastika were found in the Euphrates-Tigris valley and the Indus valley. The Sumerians also have used the swastika, but not either of their successors. Symbol of Swastika was also common in Greece during ancient times. In Iran, China, India, Japan, and Southern Europe, the swastika was used well before the birth of Christ. Conversely, many of the Indian tribes in the southern parts of North America started using the sign after the onset of the first Spanish explorers. After the birth of Christ, Swastika lost its status in most of Europe, except in Nordic countries. Gradually it became popular as a sign representing Buddha and thus was considered anti-Christian.

Religious Symbolism

Since Swastika points in all four directions, it signifies stability and strength. It is considered extremely holy and auspicious by all Hindus, and is religiously used to decorate items related to Hindu culture. It can be commonly seen on the sides of temples and religious scriptures. It is also used in Hindu weddings, festivals, ceremonies, houses and doorways. Unlike Aum symbol, which represents primordial tone, the Swastika is a pure geometrical mark and has no syllabic tone with it.

When Buddhism originated in the Indian subcontinent in the 5th century BC, it adopted manji, the symbol closely resembling the Swastika. This symbol marks the beginning of many Buddhist scriptures and appears on the chest of few statues of Lord Buddha. Since the right-facing of swastika is related with Nazism, Buddhist manji (baring India ) after the mid-20th century are almost universally left-facing: consumed by strict Buddhists. It is also often sewn into the collars of Chinese children's clothing to protect them from evil spirits.

Swastika uphold more prominence in Jainism than in Hinduism. It is a represents the seventh Saints, the Tirthankara Suparsva. It is also one of the symbols of the ashta-mangalas in the Svetambar Jain tradition. All Jain temples and holy books contain the swastika on them and marks to be one of the 24 auspicious marks and the emblem of the of the present age. Their various ceremonies also begin and end with drawing of swastika mark with rice in front of idols in a temple.

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Authored By Indian Astrologer Mr. Narinder Juneja

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